Tea growing areas in India

Know about the tea growing areas in India

(a) Assam:

The most prominent among the tea growing areas in India is Assam. It produces the most famous Assam tea brand. Assam region is the largest tea producing area in the world. tea growing areas-assam, its famous one horned rhinoIt is the only region other than China which can boast of  its own variety of native tea plant, Camellia sinensis assamica. Assam’s area under tea cultivation is about 3220 square km. It contributes more than half of the total tea produced in India. Most of the tea plantations in Assam are situated at a near sea level height. The whole area is endowed with a plenty of rainfall. Logo of Assam tea - tea growing areas in indiaThe unique tropical climate of Assam gives a special distinctive feature to its tea – a malty flavor. You won’t find it in any other tea brand in the world. It comes with a very strong body and bright color. This is why Assam tea is the most sought after tea as the morning cup. The first institute in the world dedicated to tea research was established at Jorhat in Assam  more than a century ago in 1911. It is the Tocklai Tea Research Institute, one of the most renowned institute in the world in the field of tea research. The best quality Assam tea is produced during the months of May & June.

(b) Wayanad:

This area is around 76 Km away from Calicut sea shore in Kerala. Tea gardens in the Wayanad – Nilgiris range occupy an area of 55 square km. This tea producing region is spread over a high elevation ranging between 900 to 1400 meters. The tea produced in this region has an earthy red liquor with a clean aroma.

(c) Annamalais:

It is situated between the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. An area of about 126 square km is under tea cultivation in this region. The land elevation is within 900-1600 meters. The rainfall rages between 300 to 380 cm here in the Annamalais. The characteristics of tea produced in this area is lingering with a biscuit-like aroma. Tea produced in the Annamalais gives a liquor with golden saffron tint. It is brisk, fairly bright, strong and intense.  The credit of introducing tea plantation in the Annamalais goes to the British.

image of a garden in Dooars - tea growing areas in india

A garden in Dooars

(d) Darjeeling:

Logo of darjeeling tea - tea growing areas in indiaAnother most important region among the tea growing areas in India is Darjeeling. The tea produced here has a distinctive taste and aroma. For the special characteristics embedded in the Darjeeling tea, it is widely popular around the world with a premium tag. The tea is cultivated at an altitude of 600 to 2000 meters. Darjeeling tea gardens are located around the sleepy city of Darjeeling. Some of the famous tea gardens are Marybong, Tumsong, Ging, Chamong, Lingia etc. In Darjeeling black tea is the mainstay of the production. However oolong, green and white teas are also  produced in a lesser quantity. Each tea garden of Darjeeling produces teas of different characteristics in taste and aroma. tea growing areas in india - girl is enjoying tea with snowy mountain in backgroundFew of its renowned tea estates with their unique distinctive characteristics are Arya, Badamtam, Ging, Happy Valley Pussimbing and Kaley Valley.

(e) Dooars and Terai:

The total area under tea cultivation in this area is about 1000 sq. km. This region gets rainfall at Logo of Dooars and Terai tea - tea growing areas in indiaan average of 350 cm per year. Dooars and Terai region produce approximately 25% of India’s total tea output. Tea from Dooars is clear, black, and heavy with good volumetric count. The tea from Terai is generally characterized with a spicy, sweet taste. In some tea gardens in this area, exceptional quality of tea is produced in February.

(f) Karnataka:

In Karnataka, Tea is cultivated in an area just above 20 square km. It is mostly spread around Chikmagalur, the coffee capital of Karnataka.  Tea is grown only in those areas where coffee plantation did not succeed. Tea plantations in Karnataka are located in a scattered manner in between the coffee plantations. Most of the tea estates are found in between a height of 750 and 1,000 m in Karnataka. Karnataka tea is known as medium toned, fair bodied, simple and brisk tea. It is a great experience to enjoy Karnataka tea throughout the day without any limit!

(g) Munnar:

tea growing areas - Munnar in KeralaMunnar is a beautiful and a popular tourist resort in the Idukki district of Kerala. It has an elevation that ranges between 950 to 2600 m. Here tea plantation covers a total area of 130 square km. Munnar tea gives a golden yellow liquor with briskness and strong body. It is refreshingly clean with medium toned fragrance. Blessed with abundant rainfall up to 700 cm range, Munnar has some of the highest tea growing estates in the world.

(h) Himachal Pradesh:

Tea plantation is found in two districts of Himachal Pradesh. They are Mandi and Kangra.  Tea cultivation is done in this picturesque hill state in an area of about 20 square km . Dr. Jameson first introduced tea in the Kangra valley. Black tea varieties produced in the Kangra valley are Pekoe, Coarse teas and Fannings. These  are the ones that have the maximum popularity among the tea lovers. The green tea varieties like Hyson, Young Hyson and Coarse grades are also manufactured here.

(i) Nilgiri: 

tea growing areas - Nilgiris The Nilgiris have a distinctive place in the tea industry map of India. Tea is grown over an area of 700 square km.  Around 10% of total tea production in India comes from the Nilgiris. It is the hilly upland area. It is stretched over the three states of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu. Nilgiri tea gardens are mostly owned by small tea growers. The main characteristics of Nilgiri tea is its intense aroma, elegant fragrance and flavor. It comes with briskness and a dark color.


(k) Sikkim:

tea growing areas in Sikkim - Temi tea garden

Temi tea garden

The Temi Tea Garden is the only tea garden in the north-eastern Indian state of Sikkim. It is located in South Sikkim. Temi Tea Garden is spread over an area of 177 hectares. The garden is laid over a gradually sloping hill. It is considered one of the best garden in India and in the world. It has adopted the guidelines issued by the Institute of Marketology (IMO) of Switzerland to produce organic tea. The organic tea produced in Temi Tea Garden is of top quality. It has huge demand in the international market.

(j) Travancore:

Travancore is a high altitude tea growing area in Kerala, the tourist paradise of India. It is situated on an elevation ranging from 750 m to 1,350 m. This area consists of the tourist heavens of Peermade, Vagamon, Thekkady and Vandiperiyar through which the River Periyar flows. Tea plantation in Travancore covers an area of around 140 square km. Most of these areas are recovered from old coffee plantations. The tea produced here has decent body and briskness. It comes with medium fragrance and yellowish red liquor.