Tocklai Tea Research Institute

Tocklai – the pioneer institute on tea research

It was established in 1911 in Jorhat, Assam. The establishment of Tocklai tea research institute was a landmark event for the Indian tea industry. A new era for the tea industry began in India along with it.  It started as the ‘Tocklai Experimental Station’. Later the Tea Reserch Association took over its management in 1964 in the greater interest of tea research.

It got its new name Tocklai Tea Research Institute  (TTRI) with effect from 2014 only.  Since the very first day of its inception, Tocklai, as most stakeholders fondly call it, is delivering more than what was expected of it.  It gets part of its fund from the subscription from the tea companies. The Ministry of Commerce fulfills its balance fund need of TTRI. The Tea Board disburses this fund in the form of grant-in-aid.

tocklai tea research institute - view of the entranceWhat does TTRI do?

As the name indicates, research is the most important core activity of TTRI. Tocklai has covered almost all aspects of tea cultivation and processing within the scope of its research activities. The spectacular improvement  of the tea output statistics in the region indicates the success of Tocklai’s research initiatives. The total tea production in the Assam region has almost tripled within a half century.

Some of the TTRI’s tea research initiatives includes:

1. Agronomy –

With extensive experimentation and tests, TTRI has developed a standardized procedure for pre-planting operations. This is accompanied by a guideline for optimum plant population per unit area of plantation. It has pioneered studies on mechanized pruning and harvesting successfully. an in campus tea garden in tocklai tea research institute

2. Bio-technology –

Started in 1980, research in bio-technological field done in TTRI includes somatic embroyogenesis, micropropagation, protoplast culture, another culture and so on. Tea experts in TTRI has successfully used DNA finger printing techniques to develop different types of molecular markers. This process has been used to characterize large germ-plasm collections.

3. Climatic study –

A project was launched by TTRI for the development of a climate resilient sustainable growth model for the tea industry . It studied the impact and vulnerability of tea plants on climatic changes. It also explored the ways to mitigate the challenges. There are many other study-works continuing on ongoing basis in Tocklai. It shares the knowledge with the tea industry. admin building of tocklai tea research institute

4. Water management –

One of the priority area for TTRI is water management. It is using state of the art remote sensing technology on geographic information system (GIS) platform. This has helped it to cover different tea areas on different water basins.

Other research domains where TTRI has a major footprint includes pest and disease management, tea soils, organic tea etc.